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Caesar’s Story

Part 3

Recognition for Caesar

Historians and museum interpreters discuss what happened to Caesar, the enslaved miller, and to the entire enslaved community at Philipsburg Manor, after the death of their enslaver.

Adolph Philipse

c. 1695


Adolph Philipse, merchant and politician, the owner of Philipsburg Manor.

Artist unknown / Museum of the City of New York. 33.45.

Advertisement for a public auction at Philipsburgh Manor

April 9, 1750


This ad appeared in the New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, New York City, New York.

Library of Congress.

Advertisement for the lease of Philipsburg Manor

January 6, 1752


This ad appeared in the January 6, 1752 New-York Weekly Post-Boy and includes a reference to "a Negro Man who understands grinding," likely Caesar.

Courtesy, Newsbank/Readex, Early American Newspapers Collection.

List of the Negro Slaves In the mannor of Philips Burgh

March 22, 1755


This document, a census of enslaved men and women, lists Caesar and others as the property of Josiah Martin in 1755.

New York State Archives, NY Council Papers (Series A1894) 80:113.

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